Church Saints Peter and Paul in Taman

Original name

Petra i Pavla Church

Geographic Area

Taman, Perm Krai, Russia

Reference Project

H2020-MSCA-RISE-2018 PROMETHEUS - PROtocols for information Models librariEs Tested on HEritage of Upper Kama Site​

Site description

In 1726 the Stroganov family built a copper foundry in Taman on the bank of the Tamanka River, which was then closed in 1774 due to the interruption of the supply of raw material delivered by water from the Romanov copper mines. In 1779 the Stroganovs started the construction of the wooden church of Petropavlovsk, abandoned at the beginning of the 20th century and finally destroyed by a fire in 1981.

The construction of the current church was started by the Kiryanov family, on the model of the Greek-Eastern Orthodox churches, choosing the upper slope of the right bank of the Kama River with an open view of the landscape. The works continued for about 10 years, ending in 1912. In 1913 it was consecrated in the name of Saints Peter and Paul, symbolized by the domes of the monument, originally covered with gold. The church has five domes with an apse, a small refectory and a three-level bell tower. The plan is cross-shaped combined with a circular layout. The façades of the church are characterized by a tympanum pattern with rich geometric decorations in bricks, with framed semi-columns, a lower band, crosses in relief, frames and geometries in the upper part of the arched and circular openings.

In 1934 the Soviet authorities closed the building, which was converted in the late 1960s in a cinema. In 1968 the central dome of the church and the roof of the bell tower were destroyed by a storm flash, causing the abandonment of the church and the worsening of its conservation conditions.

Credits:

Promoted by
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement N° 821870

Coordinator
Sandro Parrinello

Partnership
UNIPV, University of Pavia
UPV, Universitat Polytècnica de València
PNRUPU, Perm National Research Polytechnic University
SIΣMA S.r.l.s,, Integrated systems for Architectural Monitoring
EBIME S.L., BIM consulting for Architecture and Engineering.

Survey Activities

Laser Scanner
Raffaella De Marco, Alberto Pettineo, Sandro Parrinello

UAVs Photogrammetry
Francesca Picchio
Sandro Parrinello

Terrestrial Photogrammetry
Anna Dell'Amico

Photo
Anna Dell'Amico

360° Photo
Anna Dell'Amico

Post production Activities

2D Drawings
Student of the course of Architectural Survey & Restoration a.a 2018-2019, Universiy of Pavia. Professors: Sandro Parrinello, Giovanni Minutoli Tutors: Anna Dell’Amico, Matteo Bigongiari

  • Gallery
  • 3D Model

Documentation Methodology

The on-site survey, conducted in 2018, was focused on a triple level of analysis of the complex: on the landscape, on the architecture and on the constructive/pathologies system.

The landscape level of analysis has been conducted with aerial cameras on photogrammetric drones, providing the documentation of both village and monumental ensemble. The use of close-range methods of digitization, as Terrestrial Laser Scanner and Reflex camera, has provided the development of a unique sparse database with both spatial and RGB information on the morphological character of the monument.

Reliable drawings have been developed from the achieved information, reaching a high level of detail in the description of architectural features and in the mapping of conservation and integrity state of surfaces. The triangulation of high-poly “reality-based” mesh models has also supported an evaluation of structural integrity and stability, highlighting the curvature and deviation of geometries in the plastered and masonry blocks.

Bibliography

Parrinello, S., Picchio, F., De Marco, R., Dell'Amico, A. (2019). Documenting the cultural heritage routes. The creation of informative models of historical russian churches on upper kama region. ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. XLII-2/W15. 887-894. ResearchGate

Parrinello, S., Dell'Amico, A. (2019). Experience of Documentation for the Accessibility of Widespread Cultural Heritage. HERITAGE, vol. 2, 1032-1044. ResearchGate

De Marco, R., Dell’Amico, A. (2020). Connettere il territorio tra patrimonio e informazione: banche dati e modelli per le Cultural Heritage Routes/Connecting the territory between Heritage and Information: databases and models for the Cultural Heritage Routes. In Arena A., Arena M., Brandolino R.G., Colistra D., Ginex G., Mediati D., Nucifora S., Raffa P. (a cura di). Connettere. Un disegno per annodare e tessere. Atti del 42° Convegno Internazionale dei Docenti delle Discipline della Rappresentazione/Connecting. Drawing for weaving relationships. Proceedings of the 42th International Conference of Representation Disciplines Teachers. 2058-2077. ResearchGate

Parrinello, S. (2020). La solitudine delle chiese russe nella regione dell’Upper Kama. Un immenso eremo e un paesaggio culturale al confine dell’Europa. (eds by) Stefano Bertocci, Sandro Parrinello. Architettura Eremitica Sistemi Progettuali e Paesaggi culturali Atti del V convegno Internazionale di Studi Certosa di Firenze. 147-156