Monte Senario Hermitage

Original name


Geographic Area

Vaglia, Tuscany, Italy

Reference Project

Hermitic Architecture - Documentation of the Great Hermitages of Tuscany

Site description

The hermitage of Monte Senario stands on the top of a mountain that separates the valley of Florence from the Mugello. It is a place inhabited since the Bronze Age, as evidenced by some archaeological finds and it is the sacred place where the events of the Legenda de Origine Ordinis dei Servi di Maria are set. The complex has undergone numerous transformations and extensions over the centuries, from the first fourteenth-century nucleus to the present day. The site is characterized by caves and cells that are located in the surrounding woods. From the Sanctuary it is possible to appreciate a vast area of territory, from the chain of the Tuscan-Romagna Apennines to the north, to the valley of Florence and beyond.


Promoted by
Ordo Servorum Beatae Virginis Mariae  O.S.M.
Province of Florence

Sandro Parrinello

Laser Scanner Survey
Sandro Parrinello, Andrea Pagano, Giovanni Pancani, Tommaso Cianti, Aurora Sorini.

Topographic Survey
Sandro Parrinello, Andrea Pagano, Tommaso Cianti,

Virtual Museum
Sandro Parrinello, Andrea Pagano, Filippo Bardini, Antonella Zanni, Rossella Moscatelli, Carlo Cinelli, Letizia Baldini, Alberto Cappè, Azzurra Parigi, Matteo Pasquini, Carlo Raffaelli.

  • Gallery

Documentation Methodology

The research for the documentation of the hermitage of Monte Senario develops for about 8 years of work, alternating surveying activities with a long documentary research. The hermitage was a testing ground for direct survey, topographic and laser scanner activities, with the participation of numerous students from the Architectural Survey course.

Each room of the sanctuary has been represented with drawings and three-dimensional models to then create an interactive visit system with a VRML platform.


Parrinello, S. (2014). Il Santuario di Monte Senario. Vol. 1, pp. 1-304. Firenze: Edifir-Edizioni Firenze. ISBN: 9788879706445.

Parrinello, S. (2016). Matrice sacra dell’eremo tra interiore e infinito. FIRENZE ARCHITETTURA, Vol. 20, 110-117. ISSN: 1826-0772. ResearchGate

Parrinello, S., Pagano, A. (2012). Le grotte di Monte Senario. Documentazione dei siti rupestri del complesso eremitico dei Servi di Maria.. In Proceedings of Giornale Internazionale di studio in Terra Jonica, L’Habitat Rupestre nell’Area Mediterranea. Dall’Archeologia alle buone pratiche per il suo recupero e la tutela. R. Caprara, C. Crescenzi, G. Mastrangelo (Ed.) Massafra, Palagianello, 29-30-31 Ottobre 2010.(pp. 115-119.). Firenze: Edifir-Edizioni Firenze. ISBN: 9788889220924. ResearchGate

Parrinello, S., Picchio, F., Nocenti, M., Dias, O. J. (2012). Il modello camaldolese nelle fabbriche del Senario. In Proceedings of Architettura eremitica Sistemi progettuali e paesaggi culturali. Atti del Terzo Convegno Internazionale di Studi. Camaldoli (Ar), S. Bertocci, S. Parrinello (Ed.) 21-23/09/2012. (pp. 510-515). Firenze: Edifir-Edizioni Firenze. ISBN: 9788879705806, ResearchGate

Pagano, A., Parrinello, S., Parenti, R. (2012). The castellaccio of Bivigliano. Integrated survey and enhancement for an emblematic case of research on fortification systems in Northern Tuscany.. In Proceedings of Between East and West Trasposition of cultural systems and military technology of fortified lanscapes. S. Parrinello, S. Bertocci, G. Pancani, (pp. 212-214). Firenze: Edifir-Edizioni Firenze. ISBN: 9788879705646, Poppi (Ar), 7-13/05/2012. ResearchGate

Parrinello, S. (2010). Il rilievo del complesso di Monte Senario. Strategie per la documentazione e la valorizzazione. In Proceedings of Architettura Eremitica: Sistemi Progettuali e Paesaggi Culturali. S. Bertocci, S. Parrinello (Ed.) Monte Senario (Firenze), 19-20/6/2010. (vol. 1, pp. 16-33). Firenze: Edifir-Edizioni Firenze. ISBN: 9788879704823. ResearchGate