Solikamsk Historical Center
Solikamsk Staryy gorod
Solikamsk, Perm Krai, Russia
H2020-MSCA-RISE-2018 PROMETHEUS - PROtocols for information Models librariEs Tested on HEritage of Upper Kama Site
The old city of Solikamsk was founded around 1430, and its origin and flourishing are closely related to salt production thanks to the Kalinnikovs merchants. In 1597, the Babinovskaya road passed through Solikamsk, and the city became the gateway to Siberia for a century and a half. Thanks to its enormous commercial importance, Solikamsk acquired a magnificent architectural ensemble, which placed it on a par with the ancient cities of the Russian North. By the end of the 18th century, the city's commercial and industrial importance was undermined, after the opening in 1735 of a new Siberian route for trades. The city was given a second life by the discovery in 1925 of potash salts. Solikamsk historical center presents a central ensemble consisting of two cathedrals - the summer Trinity Cathedral and the winter Holy Cross Cathedral, as well as the Cathedral bell tower and the later Resurrection church; along the main street there is also the Epiphany Church.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement N° 821870
UNIPV, University of Pavia
UPV, Universitat Polytècnica de València
PNRUPU, Perm National Research Polytechnic University
SIΣMA S.r.l.s,, Integrated systems for Architectural Monitoring
EBIME S.L., BIM consulting for Architecture and Engineering (SME)
Raffaella De Marco, Alberto Pettineo, Anna Shamarina
Mobile Laser Scanner
Anna Dell'Amico, Evgeniy Smirnov
- 3D Model
The on-site survey, conducted in 2019, was particularly focused on the documentation of the multiple monumental sites of the historical centre, without losing its cultural and urban character of remarkable ensemble. The survey was integrated within 4 main acquisition plans, with Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS), Mobile Laser Scanner (MLS), UAV mapping and camera mapping.
TLS survey has been conducted with FARO Focus S150 instrument, adopting the combined RGB camera to obtain a coloured point cloud, and focusing on the main monuments and their urban connections: it has collected 203 scans, defining an overall point cloud of 1.572.607.732 points. The laser survey was also supported by the trajectory scans acquired with MLS, the KAARTA Stencil model: each scan paths has covered more than 500 meters of the urban route in time slots of 5-10 minutes. The UAV mapping, with DJI Phantom Pro, has been conducted both at the urban scale, with a “grid” mapping of 590 photos for 15.560 msq, and at the monument scale, organizing one “point of interest” flight of at least 30 photos for each building. The different flight plans have been integrated during the post-production phase. The photographic acquisition, with Nikon D7200, Canon EOS 1300D and Ricoh cameras, has integrated the survey about the architectural details and panoramas.
The digital documentation has provided for a reliable database as the basis of a urban modelling approach at different Levels of Detail (LoDs): it has been reconstructed the organization of urban volumes and open areas at LoD 100, implementing the system also with specific architectural details of the main monuments at LoD 200.
Francesca Picchio, Raffaella De Marco, Anna Dell’Amico, Elisabetta Doria, Francesca Galasso, Silvia La Placa, Alessia Miceli, Sandro Parrinello (2020) Procedure di analisi e modellazione urbana per la gestione dei centri storici. Betlemme, Solikamsk, Cattaro e Santo Domingo, in Paesaggio Urbano, vol. 2, 103 - 115 ResearchGate