Sultan Suleiman and Salah e-Din Street

Original name

Bab a-Zahara

Geographic Area

Jerusalem, Israel

Reference Project

PURE – Productivity and Urban Renewal Programme in East Jerusalem

Site description

Bab a-Zahar neighborhood has developed since the 20th century. During the Ottoman period, the area appeared as a vast expanse of green, in which there was only a Muslim cemetery, positioned above the Jeremiah Caves. The roads that surrounded it were made of earth and were passable only on foot. The first building units, together with the first urban maintenance interventions in the area, occurred between the 1920s and the 1930s, when the population within the Old City occupied the places adjacent to the walls themselves. The commercial plant in the Bab a-Zahar neighborhood, which extends to the Damascus gate, was intended to develop the market outside the Old City as well. For this reason, most of the buildings were organized in such a way as to have commercial spaces on the ground floor and any offices and residences on the upper floors. During the 90s, many of the buildings underwent changes to the structural system, rising one or two floors, in order to meet the expansion needs of the population living in this neighborhood. The proximity to one of the main arteries such as Sultan Sulemain Street and two of the main gates to access the Old City (Damascus Gate and Herod's Gate), have been a key feature for the development of the contemporary neighborhood.

Credits

Promoted by
UNDP - United Nation Development Programme

Coordinators
Stefano Bertocci
Sandro Parrinello

Partnership
UNIPV, University of Pavia
UNIFI, University of Florence

Survey Activities

Laser Scanner
Matteo Bigongiari, Pietro Becherini, Galasso Francesca

Terrestrial Photogrammetry
Raffaella De Marco, Francesca Picchio, Monica Bercigli, Francesca Galasso

Photo
Emiliano Morvillo, Raffaella De Marco

Post production Activities

2D Drawings
Students of the course of Survey and Representation of Architecture a.a 2015-2016, Universiy of Pavia. Professors: Sandro Parrinello, Tutors: Raffaella De Marco, Francesca Galasso

Students of the course of Survey and Representation of Architecture a.a 2015-2016, Universiy of Florence Professors: Stefano Bertocci, Tutors: Matteo Bigongiari, Monica Bercigli

3D Model
Monica Bercigli

GIS System
Monica Bercigli, Francesca Galasso

VR System
The model was created by the student Francesca Galasso within the master thesis work "Progetto di documentazione a Gerusalemme Est. Banche dati e sistemi di realtà virtuale per il recupero e la fruizione dello spazio urbano". Tutor: Sandro Parrinello, UNIPV.

  • Gallery
  • Point Cloud

Documentation Methodology

Difficulties deriving from the spatial conformation of the place, combined with the requests for the creation of a complete digital database and virtual three-dimensional material for the management and enhancement of the site, led to proceed with an integrated survey program, exploiting different methodologies and instruments that , in a complementary approach, they allowed the collection of investigative material for a multidisciplinary evaluation of the object of study.

The church's documentation actions were carried out in 2018. A TLS laser scanner survey campaign was planned with FARO Focus S150 which produced 24 scans for the description of the internal and external environments of the building's factory. In parallel, a photogrammetric acquisition of the external facings and roofs was envisaged through UAVs remotely piloted systems which produced a model of 3207706 faces, and a photogrammetric acquisition with Nikon D7200 camera of the accessible interior rooms of the church.

The integrated survey documentation was used for two representation actions, one aimed at creating two-dimensional drawings of the structure for the design of the details, and useful for reflecting on the analysis of deterioration and pathologies present on the structure; the second was aimed at creating an H-BIM model of the factory by analyzing the data of the point clouds for the construction of the model structure.

Bibliography

Parrinello, S., Bercigli, M., De Marco, R. (2017). Gerusalemme Est: sistemi cartografici 3d per il censimento urbano e di siti monumentali islamici. In M. Palma Crespo, Mª L. Gutiérrez Carrillo, R. García Quesada (Eds.) Reuso 2017. Sobre una arquitectura hecha de tiempo. Vol.1 (pp. 235-241). Granada: Eug. ResearchGate

Bertocci, S., Minutoli, G., Bigongiari, M. (2017). Il rilievo strutturale per l’analisi della stabilita e vulnerabilita degli edifici lungo salah eddin street e sultan suleiman street a Gerusalemme Est. In M. Palma Crespo, Mª L. Gutiérrez Carrillo, R. García Quesada (Eds.) Reuso 2017. Sobre una arquitectura hecha de tiempo. Vol.1 (pp. 413-419). Granada: Eug. ResearchGate