Valiano

Original name

Valiano

Geographic Area

Tuscany, Italy

Reference Project

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Site description

Valiano is part of the municipality of Montepulciano, in the province of Siena. The area is part of the system of the Tuscan valleys that border with Umbria, being part of the pre-Apennine system. The Val di Chiana is one of the largest valleys of the Apennines, and includes the municipality of Chiusi, the municipality of Montepulciano and the municipality of Sinalunga. The reclamation of this valley, begun by the Etruscans, suffered an interruption in the sixth century, with the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The invasions of the barbarians forced its inhabitants to withdraw on the hills depopulating the campaigns. The valley, no longer cultivated, was invaded by water. The problem was solved with the excavation of the Canale Maestro. Important reclamations were carried out under the direction of Vittorio Fossombroni, and continued under Grand Duke Leopold II. At the end of the works, the ancient fertility of the valley was restored with the construction of new agglomerations and farmhouses of architectural origin. From the commune of Valiano of has an excellent perception of the whole surrounding territory, and it is constituted by large agrarian surfaces and by a village of the ancient Castle characterized by a medieval architecture with its walls, the buttresses, the towers of angle.

Credits

Promoted by

Coordinator
Sandro Parrinello

Partnership
UNIPV, University of Pavia

Survey Activities

Laser Scanner
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UAVs Photogrammetry
Francesca Picchio
Sandro Parrinello

Terrestrial Photogrammetry
Anna Dell'Amico

Photo
Anna Dell'Amico

Post production Activities

2D Drawings
Student of the course of Architectural Survey & Restoration a.a 2018-2019, Universiy of Pavia. Professors: Sandro Parrinello, Giovanni Minutoli Tutors: Anna Dell’Amico, Matteo Bigongiari

3D model
The model was created by the student

  • Gallery

Documentation Methodology

The church's documentation actions were carried out in 2018. A TLS laser scanner survey campaign was planned with FARO Focus S150 which produced 24 scans for the description of the internal and external environments of the building's factory. In parallel, a photogrammetric acquisition of the external facings and roofs was envisaged through UAVs remotely piloted systems which produced a model of 3207706 faces, and a photogrammetric acquisition with Nikon D7200 camera of the accessible interior rooms of the church.

The integrated survey documentation was used for two representation actions, one aimed at creating two-dimensional drawings of the structure for the design of the details, and useful for reflecting on the analysis of deterioration and pathologies present on the structure; the second was aimed at creating an H-BIM model of the factory by analyzing the data of the point clouds for the construction of the model structure.

Bibliography

Parrinello, S., Picchio, F., De Marco, R., Dell'Amico, A. (2019). Documenting the cultural heritage routes. The creation of informative models of historical russian churches on upper kama region. ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. XLII-2/W15. 887-894. ResearchGate

De Marco, R., Dell’Amico, A. (2020). Connettere il territorio tra patrimonio e informazione: banche dati e modelli per le Cultural Heritage Routes/Connecting the territory between Heritage and Information: databases and models for the Cultural Heritage Routes. In Arena A., Arena M., Brandolino R.G., Colistra D., Ginex G., Mediati D., Nucifora S., Raffa P. (a cura di). Connettere. Un disegno per annodare e tessere. Atti del 42° Convegno Internazionale dei Docenti delle Discipline della Rappresentazione/Connecting. Drawing for weaving relationships. Proceedings of the 42th International Conference of Representation Disciplines Teachers. 2058-2077. ResearchGate